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Revised March 31, 2004

The USHGA and Dave Broyles, USHGA Safety and Training Chairman have delegated Dutcher Stirling the task of modifying the BHPA Chute Deployment Clinic Manaul, as proposed by Betty Pfeiffer... leading, we hope, to not just USHGA, but world wide Chute Deployment Clinic Standards, Grandfathering of clinic instructors and appointments of new clinic instructors. So by this time next year, "Betty's" clinic could be even better!!! Imagine! (-:

From Betty Pfeffer log in for email link

Thank you for considering me for your parachute clinic.

Below is a quick outline of what I cover. The clinic usually is a 1.5 day event with
a) the first day being nuts and bolts and
b) the second day covering more of the technical issues.

It is better to focus either on HG or PG since each sport has it's own unique situations
- i.e. in HG we have 5 levels of decision making whereas in PG there are 13!

Let me know what you think and about how many pilots to expect. If you want to cover HG and PG on the same day Bill Gargano and I work well together. Bill designed the Quantum Series parachute and is considered a leading parachute designer in the country.

Thanks again, Betty

PS We only charge transportation and accommodation costs. We do repack the chutes and/or help your local packers.

Course includes a full parachute repack as well as the full day seminar!
Take a look at what you get!

The clinic will include video and seminar presentations on:
• Parachute types, Para-swivels
• How a parachute works
• Decision to deploy
• Hypothetical (and real) scenarios to consider
• How to execute proper deployments
• Problems after deployment and strategies to handle them
• Strategies for preparing for landing
• How to avoid being hurt on landing
• How to avoid being dragged after landing
• Water landings, power lines, and other major hazards
• Inspecting harnesses & parachute systems for proper materials, workmanship, maintenance, installation• How to repack you own parachute
• Size and weight considerations
• And many other topics

High Energy Sports, Inc.
Clinic Goals and Expectations

Day 1 Morning Day 1 Afternoon
Hang Glider and Paraglider
Emergency Parachute Systems
Components of your Safety System

Parachute Operation

  1. Hand Deployed systems
  2. Ballistically deployed systems
Making the Decision to Deploy
  1. Evaluate Situation
  2. Pilot awareness

    1. of body
    2. of control bar
    3. of forces in play i.e. spin, tumble
    4. of options available to deal with the situation
    5. Plan A
    6. Plan B
Glider inspection
  1. visual inspection
  2. controllability
Environmental considerations
  1. Weather conditions
  2. Ground conditions
  3. landing area availability
  4. power lines
  5. water or other hazards
Critical Altitude
  1. opening distance for parachute full inflation
  2. personal ability to throw the parachute into clear air
  3. direction of throw
  4. glider failure mode
  5. bodily injury
Hypothetical Situations That Really Happened
  1. You tumble four times and the glider rights itself.
  2. You have had a mid-air with a paraglider. his line is wrapped over the corner of your control bar.
  3. You are aero towing and the cart flys up in the air with you.
  4. You have deployed your parachute and are coming down over water.
  5. You are flying on a crowded ridge and hear a loud twang from your upper rigging. Your friend radios you that your king post is down
  6. You threw your chute too late for it to open and have impacted in a tree.
  7. You are 30? off the ground
  8. You have just witnessed a deployment from the air.
  9. You have deployed your parachute and are stuck 10 feet off the ground in power lines....
  10. Your glider breaks 50 feet over the tree tops....
Videos of Actual Deployments
  1. Ron Young
  2. Bill Hall
  3. Dan Murphy at Telluride
  4. Dave Broyles
  5. Jerry Lutkowski
  6. Kelly
Break Time!

Deploying your Parachute
No Matter What... Memorize These Steps.

  1. Look at handle
  2. Reach and grab Handle
  3. Pull
  4. Look for clear air
  5. Throw into clear air hard
  6. Yank on the bridle
  7. Unzip Harness
  8. Get to feet Down Position
  9. Prepare for impact
  10. Climb into control bar
  11. Determine controllability
  12. Position Body for Modified PLF
What to do Once Your Parachute Opens
  1. Visual Confirmation
  2. altitude
  3. parachute
  4. Prepare for Impact
  5. With a Control Bar
  6. Without a Control Bar
What to do After you Land
  1. Deflate parachute
  2. Disconnect from glider/parachute
  3. Use Your Radio
  4. Request Assistance
  5. Relate Your Condition
  6. Relate Your Position
Practicing Deployments
  1. In Flight Reaching for your handle
  2. In the Simulator
  3. In your mind?s eye
Safety System Inspection
  1. Harness
  2. Hardware
  3. Bridle Routing
  4. Practice Deployments
  5. Wear All of your Equipment
  6. Throw Right & Left Handed
  7. Throw With and Without Control Bar
  8. Note Direction & Distance Thrown
  9. Note Time to Throw
Practice Deployments
  1. Simulate launching unhooked
  2. Practice egress (getting out of your harness while hanging)
Parachute Deflation
  1. Outside in the wind
Break Time!

Leading Causes of Problem Deployments

  1. The Pilot
  2. Weak throw
  3. Inadequate care and maintenance of parachute system
  4. Waiting too long to deploy


Leading Causes of Problem Deployments

  1. The Situation
  2. No clear air in which to throw
  3. Blacking out i.e. severe spin or tumble
  4. Entanglement
  5. Leading Causes of Problem Deployments
  6. The System
  7. The parachute bridle routing
  8. The deployment bag/diaper problems
  9. The harness
How to Stop Problems Before They Begin
  1. Know your equipment and its limitations
  2. Keep up with new developments
  3. Inspect often
  4. Repack regularly
  5. Do the knee test
  6. Upgrade your equipment
  7. Preflight!!!!
  8. Your Responsibility to Other Pilots
  9. Dealing with
  10. Pilots who refuse to fly with a parachute
  11. Preflight warning (curved pins not in place, Velcro open, etc.)
  12. Viewing a pilot from the air coming down under canopy.
  13. Providing air space for rescue equipment
  14. Parachute Packing
  15. Brief demonstration


Thank you for attending

Above all else....Fly Safely!

Day 2 Morning Day 2 Continued
Technical information and
testing Parachute packing

What is a HG Emergency Parachute System?

  1. Landing Chest Pad
  2. Recovery System
  3. Life Saving Device
  • Deployment Bag
  • Container
  • Harness
  • Evolution of HG Parachutes Early design requirements
    1. Cheap
    2. Light weight
    3. Survive 40 mph deployment
    Evolution of HG Parachutes 2001 Design Requirements
    1. Light Weight
    2. Packs into existing parachute containers
    3. Slow Rate of Descent
    4. Evolution of HG Parachutes 2001Design Requirements
    5. Minimal altitude loss for full inflation
    6. Ability to open with a slow descending suspended weight
    7. Ability to withstand high speed deployments (90 mph+)
    Evolution of HG Parachutes Basic Parachute Shapes
    1. Flat Circular
    2. Conical
    3. Tri-conical
    4. Polyconical
    Evolution of HG Parachutes Advanced Parachute Shapes
    1. Extended Skirt
    2. High Technology (Round Airfoil)
    3. Next Generation
    4. Parachute cloth
    5. Parachute Construction
    6. Deployment Device
    Evolution of HG Parachutes Canopy Construction
    1. Cross Seams
    2. Main Seams / Radials
    3. Vent Band
    4. Circumferencial Reinforcement
    5. Skirt Band
    6. Evolution of HG Parachutes Lines
    7. Vent Lines
    8. Line Attachments
    9. Suspension Lines
    10. Center Line(s) (PDA)
    Evolution of HG Parachutes Parachute Cloth
    1. MIL-C-44378 (0-3 cfm)
    2. Exacta Chute, Sportchute, F 111 (0-3 cfm)
    3. Soar Coat (0 cfm)
    4. Spinnaker Cloth
    Evolution of HG Parachutes Line Material
    1. Nylon
    2. Dacron
    3. Kevlar
    4. Spectra
    Evolution of HG Parachutes Parachute Bridle
    1. Construction
    2. Material
    3. Swivels
    4. Protection
    Evolution of HG Parachutes Deployment Bag
    1. Handle Location
    2. Closing Pins
    3. Compartmented
    4. Construction
    5. Material
    Evolution of HG Parachutes Parachute Container
    1. Size & Shape
    2. Closure
    3. Velcro
    4. Closing Loops
    Evolution of HG Parachutes Deployment Devices
    1. Parachute Location
    2. Rocket Location
    3. Activation Handle Location
    4. Evolution of HG Parachutes Harness
    5. Bridle Routing
    6. Bridle Protection
    7. Integrity
    Practical Experience Outside In the Wind
    1. Learning How to deflate a Canopy without getting hurt
    2. Dangers
    3. Getting Dragged
    4. Line entanglement and reinflation
    5. Helping your Buddy
    6. Comparing the Pull on Parachutes
    7. The Clinic Quiz
    Helping us do better presentations

    Thank you for attending.

    May 1 2005   Top Top